Ideal Exercise Prescription for Cardiovascular Health

Thank you to Elizabeth Moxley for this article on physical activity and exercise prescription. What is the ideal exercise prescription? It is well established that exercise improves cardiovascular and all-cause mortality, although an ideal exercise dose is unknown.1-2 What is known, and perhaps most concerning, is that physical inactivity has increased3-4 in recent decades to…

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Green Space and Heart Health: What’s the connection?

Prescribing Green Space to Promote Heart Health While cardiovascular professionals across the globe are well-versed in applying guidelines-based care to help their patients prevent, or manage, cardiovascular disease, one important therapy may come not from a prescription bottle, but from just outside the front (or back) door. According to recent research, the key to improved…

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Physical Activity, Exercise Training and Heart Failure: Does Intensity Matter?

Heart failure currently affects an estimated 6.2 million US adults1 and approximately 2% of individuals on a global scale.2 According to heart failure exercise guidelines by the American College of Cardiology Foundation and the American Heart Association (AHA), exercise training is considered an effective treatment for chronic heart failure at a class 1 level3 and…

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Skeletal Muscle Mass and Cardiovascular Health

What is the connection between skeletal muscle mass and cardiovascular health? Three recent studies demonstrate that an increase in skeletal muscle mass could lead to improved cardiovascular health regardless of fat mass. Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death and disability worldwide.1 To improve cardiovascular health, the American Heart Association (AHA) recommends monitoring of…

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Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

The recently updated clinical practice guideline for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) entitled, 2020 AHA/ACC Guideline for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Patients with Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: Executive Summary1 provides recommendations for the diagnosis and management of adult and pediatric populations, with Class of Recommendation (COR) and Level of Evidence (LOE). HCM is an inherited cardiovascular disease in…

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COVID-19 and Exercise: Safe Practices to Prevent Cardiovascular Complications

Epidemiological evidence suggests exercise offers preventive as well as therapeutic health-related benefits.1-4 Exercise prevents the development of obesity and cardiovascular-related diseases such as hypertension, type 2 diabetes, and thrombosis,1, 3-4 all of which can result in a worse prognosis in a coronavirus disease 2019 setting (COVID-19).5-7 Numerous studies have confirmed the risks for severe complications…

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Exercising During the COVID-19 Pandemic

This article was written by Elizabeth Moxley, PhD, RN, BS. According to epidemiological evidence, exercise is the ‘real polypill.’1 Exercise improves fitness, strength, coordination,2-3 immunity and suppresses inflammation,4 and has mental health benefits as well, especially for depression.5 This is especially important for older adults, since immune defenses and exercise adherence decrease with age, and…

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